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Another View -- Steve Ellis: NH would benefit from flood insurance reform

By STEVE ELLIS
April 15. 2018 10:00PM




The flood waters that recently soaked New Hampshire should serve as the latest warning that unless Congress reforms and renews the nation’s debt-ridden flood insurance program, more than 8,200 residents across New Hampshire may be unable to rebuild after the next storm strikes.

The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), which provides flood coverage to more than 22,000 communities across the country, expired last fall, and is billions of dollars in debt. Because of inaction in the Senate, lawmakers have been forced to issue a series of short-term extensions to keep the broken program afloat. But with the next deadline approaching in four short months, the Senate must act soon to address the NFIP’s mounting debt and ensure it is sustainable in the future.

The Senate can start by passing a legislative package similar to the 21st Century Flood Reform Act, a bill that passed the House of Representatives last fall and includes several significant reforms that address the program’s mounting debt.

One important aspect of the bill would clarify that property owners in flood zones can use private flood insurance to satisfy the federal lending requirement. More competition in the flood insurance marketplace would result in additional consumer choice, better rates and higher coverage limits, making rebuilding easier for New Hampshire home and business owners after the next storm strikes.

This technical correction to the nation’s current flood law would also shift risk off of taxpayers, helping stabilize the flood program and reducing the burden on taxpayers. In fact, a recent analysis by the Reinsurance Association of America found that Congress could save the NFIP billions of taxpayer dollars and improve its long-term financial strength by allowing more private sector insurers to enter the flood insurance marketplace.

Even with more than 8,200 NFIP policies, too few New Hampshire residents have purchased flood insurance. Some residents may avoid the NFIP because the one-size-fits-all policy fails to provide homeowners with the coverage they need at a price they can afford.

Expanding the flood insurance market with more private insurance options would encourage more residents to purchase flood coverage, since policies could be tailored to individual properties.

In addition to opening the flood insurance marketplace to more private insurers, there are several other reforms that the Senate should pursue to help better protect people and property at risk of severe storms — several of which were included in the House legislation.

One desperately needed reform is to update FEMA’s flood maps, so they use the most accurate risk-assessment tools and modern technologies. Updated flood maps would give property owners an accurate picture of how vulnerable their property is to flooding and would help them take the appropriate measures to prepare for future storms. It would also help ensure that rates more accurately reflect the risk a property faces.

The NFIP should also be reformed to incentivize storm mitigation efforts. Studies show that every dollar spent on mitigation leads to six dollars in reduced future disaster costs. Taking proactive measures would not only save lives but would prevent costly property damage in the future.

Floods have hit New Hampshire hard in the past and, unfortunately, major storms will likely continue to hammer the state and rest of the country for the foreseeable future. The time has come for the Senate to tackle these NFIP reforms to assure homeowners suffering from flood damage that they will not be left hanging out to dry.

Steve Ellis is vice president of Taxpayers for Common Sense.


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