Another View -- Rich Girard: A Front Street zoning change could hurt neighborhood and city
The Manchester Board of Mayor and Aldermen (BMA) have an opportunity to stop what has been a disastrous trend in city housing. The requested zoning of a two-acre parcel on Front Street, across from Intervale Country Club, has stirred a simmering discussion about the mass development of 'tax-negative housing.'
According to city records, the parcel in question is a four-bedroom ranch valued at $202,300. It's 'split zoned,' meaning it has two different zoning regulations governing its development. One zone allows single-family homes, the other multifamily units.
If left alone, the existing single-family home could be maintained and 10 multifamily units could be built. The requested change covers the whole parcel in the multifamily zone and would enable the construction of 27 units.
The lot was purchased by John R. Sweeney III of Windham for $165,000 on Feb. 17. It is currently vacant. Developer William Socha, in asking the city to rezone the parcel to facilitate his desired development, makes several claims in his application that both attract attention and point directly to the problem at hand.
Socha, through his consultant, asserts that the current single-family zoning district appears to have been 'established to encompass the few existing single-family properties along this stretch of Front Street that were originally developed in the 1950's or earlier.' However, in an Oct. 2 letter to the BMA, neighbors wrote: 'Contrary to Mr. Socha's assumptions that the area was zoned R-S for the benefits of the homeowners in the area, the opposite is true. The R-M districts were rezoned for the benefits of the developers. It seems that every time we lose an elderly homeowner, the developers pounce on the property and destroy it.'
In addition to the diminished quality of life and devaluation of surrounding properties that come with the transformation of single-family parcels to multifamily, there is corresponding collateral damage to the city's tax base and ability to provide services.
During an examination of the tax base with Board of Assessors Chairman Bob Gagne, I learned several things. First, depending on the type of multifamily housing, the average assessed value per unit ranges from $51,759 to $119,800. At today's $21.96 tax rate, these units generate $1,137 to $2,631 in annual revenue. The average single-family home, assessed at $211,673, generates $4,648 a year.
Other than a passing reference to 'townhouses,' the developer hasn't said what kind of multifamily units will be built. Will they be rentals or condos? Will they have two bedrooms or three? For the sake of argument, let's value each unit at $100,000. At 27 units, the development will have a value of $2.7 million and generate $59,292 ($2,196 per unit) in annual taxes.
The average per-pupil cost of a city school child is about $10,000, which doesn't include things like Title I or transportation spending. So if the proposed 27 units house just six school children, the rest of the city's taxpayers not only have to pay out of their pockets for the school costs, but also are on the hook for all of the costs for police, fire, public works, health and all other city services. If they're three-bedroom units, expect at least 30 kids.
The applicant claims the zoning change would have a 'mild impact on the existing school system' in part because 'it is expected that the average number of students in a multi-family development is less than the average number per household in a single-family home.' While that may be true, the applicant fails to provide any data to support the 'expectation' and fails to disclose how many single-family houses could be built there.
There are also the 'costs of transiency.' These developments aren't really neighborhoods. The people who typically live in them come and go with a frequency that destabilizes the broader community. Neighbors don't know neighbors. People generally don't stick around long enough to have a vested interest in the city. They simply aren't around long enough to participate or care.
Yes, the city's Master Plan says this area should uniformly be comprised of this multifamily housing. That, however, is a reason to reevaluate and change the Master Plan, not continue with cash-sucking, value-depleting, service-intense developments that foist no-longer tolerable financial costs and community challenges on the city. If this passes, what precedent will be set for the remaining 22 acres surrounded by multifamily zones? Using this developer's proposal as a template, it could be another 324 units.
Manchester should decline this application. It benefits an opportunistic owner and calculating developer while saddling taxpayers and non-transient residents with unreasonable burdens. Instead, let's reevaluate the Master Plan, restrict this kind of development and retool the zoning so it fosters the development of stable neighborhoods and the services they need citywide.
Rich Girard is a former alderman at-large and candidate for mayor of Manchester. He is host of Girard at Large in the Morning on 90.7 WLMW-FM.