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May 06. 2011 3:31PM

NH Foliage Tree Guide

There are something like 70 natives tree species found in the wild in New Hampshire. The exact number is hard to state because some species are more commonly found in a shrub form, others are rare, and some can be distinguished from each other by only the most determined tree experts.

The following criteria were used to determine inclusion on this list:

  1. Native to at least part of New Hampshire. (Some may be uncommon).
  2. Capable of growing to at least 20 feet.
  3. Must, at least on occasion, grow as single-stem specimens. Some of the species listed are more commonly found in the shrub form.

Species are split into softwood and hardwood groupings. Within those broad groups, species are broken into genus. The genus are listed in alphabetical order by the generic common name. The species appear within the generic grouping by the common name most often used. Other common names are given for many of the species as well.


Softwoods


Arborvitae

northern white cedar, arborvitae


Fir

balsam fir


Hemlock

eastern hemlock


Juniper

eastern redcedar


Larch

tamarack, eastern larch


Pine

eastern white pine, red pine, pitch pine, jack pine


Spruce

black spruce, red spruce, white spruce


White Cedar

Atlantic white-cedar


Hardwoods


Ash

white ash, black ash, green ash


Basswood

American basswood


Beech

American beech


Birch

yellow birch, sweet birch, black birch, river birch, paper birch, white birch, heartleaf birch, gray birch


Cherry

black cherry, pin cherry, fire cherry, chokecherry


Chestnut

American chestnut


Dogwood

flowering dogwood, alternate leaf dogwood


Elm

American elm, slippery elm


Gum

blackgum, black tupelo


Hackberry

hackberry


Hawthorn

dotted hawthorn, downy hawthorn, scarlet hawthorn, golden-fruited hawthorn, Brainerd's hawthorn, broad-leaved hawthorn, frosted hawthorn, fan-leaved hawthorn


Hickory

bitternut hickory, red hickory, shagbark hickory, pignut hickory


Hophornbeam

eastern hophornbeam


Hornbeam

American hornbeam, blue beech, ironwood


Maple

boxelder, black maple, striped maple, moosewood maple, red maple, white maple, swamp maple, soft maple, silver maple, sugar maple, rock maple, hard maple, mountain maple


Mountain Ash

American mountain ash, showy mountain ash


Oak

northern red oak, scarlet oak, pin oak, black oak, white oak, swamp white oak, chestnut oak, bur oak


Poplar

eastern cottonwood, balsam poplar, bigtooth aspen, quaking aspen, trembling aspen, popple


Sassafras

sassafras


Serviceberry

downy serviceberry, smooth serviceberry


Sumac

staghorn sumac


Sycamore

American sycamore, planetree, buttonwood


Viburnum

nannyberry, wild raisin


Walnut

black walnut, butternut, white walnut


Willow

black willow


Witch-hazel

witch hazel



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