Amazon can build twin 22-story headquarters buildings in Pentagon City, the Arlington County Board in Virginia agreed unanimously Saturday, after the online giant promised $20 million in funding for affordable housing and vowed to crack down on labor fraud on its construction site.

It was the final approval Amazon needed to begin building its second headquarters, known as HQ2, in Arlington County, and it came after a four-hour hearing where the only friction was provided by about 100 union carpenters and building trade workers upset by what they said was payroll fraud on the part of contractors and subcontractors working on the company’s temporary headquarters.

HQ2 is expected to be completed by 2023 and could transform the predominantly high-rise residential and low-rise warehouse district into a new center of urban life just across Interstate 395 from the Pentagon.

The 2 million-square-foot headquarters, at the parcel containing 1400 S. Eads St. and 501 15th St. South, will house about 12,500 employees — half the expected 25,000 Amazon employees who will eventually work in the area. Hundreds of employees are already working in leased offices around Crystal City, Va., and another Amazon headquarters building in the neighborhood is working its way through the planning process, most likely to come up for approval next year. (Amazon founder and chief executive Jeff Bezos owns The Washington Post.)

Negotiations between the county and the company for the Eads and 15th Street locations, called Metropolitan Park, were necessary because the site had been zoned for residential use, and Amazon sought to add about 590,000 square feet of density to 1.56 million square feet that was already permitted.

The $20 million commitment for affordable housing is the largest single infusion of money into Arlington’s housing fund.

Amazon also promised to open a new 160-slot day-care facility for use by both employees and other Arlington residents on a first-come, first-served basis; spend about $14 million to expand an existing public park tucked between high-rises into a 2-acre public plaza and to pay for its maintenance in perpetuity; create two highly energy efficient structures that will be 100% powered by renewable energy by 2030; build two new protected bike lanes; devote its 69,545 square feet of ground-floor space to a “curated” selection of retail shops; and provide a 700-person indoor event space available for county-sanctioned events at least four times a year. An underground garage will have 1,933 spaces and workers will be encouraged to use mass transit, company-provided van pools, bikes and scooters — or walk to work. Additional transit and transportation improvements in the area were also promised.

The outcome of the board’s vote was never really in doubt, because Arlington officials and most residents welcomed the company’s announcement 13 months ago that it had selected the area including Pentagon City, Crystal City and Potomac Yard as the home for HQ2.

But union carpenters filled the hearing room to protest, alleging payroll fraud and misclassification of workers who are renovating existing structures for Amazon’s temporary quarters.

Amazon promised earlier last week to require that contractors and subcontractors working on its headquarters pay the same local prevailing wages to laborers and mechanics they would have to pay if it were a federal contract in excess of $2,000. The company also said that contractors and subcontractors could not employ independent contractors without Amazon’s approval, and that they would be subject to oversight by a third-party labor compliance firm.

Stephen Courtien, executive director of the Baltimore-District of Columbia Building Trades union, said the proposal is “a good idea, but nothing they discussed is very innovative. It comes down to the contractor and he’s self-reporting. They’re not going to know who’s on the job, off the books.”

Monday, January 27, 2020