Gov. Chris Sununu won a key legal victory over Democratic legislative leadership Wednesday when a Hillsborough County Superior Court judge agreed he can spend more than $1 billion in federal grants to battle COVID-19 without lawmakers’ permission.

Judge David Anderson dismissed the lawsuit brought by four top Democratic lawmakers, concluding they lacked legal standing .

“The Court finds plaintiffs’ status as members or leaders of the (Legislature) does not inherently impart them with standing. Rather, they must allege a concrete personal injury,” the judge wrote.

“The court finds that the individual plaintiffs lack standing to bring this suit even if brought in their professional capacities as members of the Legislature.”

Anderson said the suit may have gotten traction if the dispute was over spending state funds.

“The court must be cautious in granting the request from any individual or group of individuals to stop the governor from acting as it presents a scenario rife with complications that directly impacts the orderly operation of the governor,” Anderson wrote.

“To go even further and allow an individual state taxpayer to stop or even delay the governor from distributing purely federal funds intended for the benefit of the public in the middle of a global pandemic would be contrary to the public interest.”

Legislative leaders could appeal the decision to the New Hampshire Supreme Court or decide to refile the lawsuit in Merrimack County Superior Court. Officials said they are weighing their options.

House Speaker Steve Shurtleff, D-Penacook, Senate President Donna Soucy, D-Manchester, Senate Finance Chairman Lou D’Allesandro, D-Manchester, and House Finance Chairman Mary Jane Wallner, D-Concord, said in a joint statement that they were upset Sununu knocked down the lawsuit on procedural grounds.

“This lawsuit is ultimately about a dispute between two equal branches of government and it is appropriate for the third coequal branch of government to settle this disagreement in a timely manner so critical relief to Granite Staters is not delayed,” the statement read.

“Knowing that time is of the essence it is discouraging that instead of arguing this case on the merits, Governor Sununu continues to put up technical roadblocks on this issue and continues to allow a cloud of constitutional uncertainty to persist over how more than a billion dollars in federal aid is properly provided to our communities.”

Senate Republican Leader Chuck Morse of Salem said the suit would have prevented Sununu from quickly responding to the pandemic.

“Unfortunately, the lawsuit filed by Concord Democratic leaders could have put in jeopardy financial relief for hard-hit hospitals, losing chances to purchase personal protective equipment for front-line workers and delaying resources to critical services,” Morse said.

“Now it is time for everyone, regardless of political party, to come together and get the assistance needed to the hard-working people and small businesses of New Hampshire.”

Lawyers for the legislators said the House and Senate hold the purse strings, not the governor, who merely proposes a two-year state budget that lawmakers amend and approve as they so choose.

The Legislative Fiscal Committee must vote to accept any federal grants before Sununu can spend the money, they said.

But Solicitor General Daniel Will said a 2002 law put in place after the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks permitted the governor to declare an emergency and act decisively and quickly in a crisis.

Gov. Sununu supplies

Gov. Chris Sununu and Dean Kamen, background right, watch as the first packages are unloaded from a plane that brought millions of medical items to New Hampshire to fight the coronavirus on April 12, 2020. Sununu credits Kamen for facilitating the state’s successful efforts to secure and distribute personal protective equipment.

Gov. Sununu supplies